Globally, red hair is rather rare.
Just 1-2 per cent of the human population possesses the ginger gene. But, as shown on the map below – which was widely discussed on Reddit a few years ago – that figure is far higher in northern Europe.
The Celtic nations lead the way. According to the map, around 10 per cent of the population of Scotland, Ireland and Wales boast a carrot top. Though the data used to produce the map isn’t clear, a trip north of the border, or across the Irish Sea, would appear to back up its claims. Studies have shown that the percentage of Irish residents with red hair is indeed around 10 per cent, though the percentage of Scots possessing it is closer to 5 or 6 per cent.
Red hair is relatively common in England, Iceland and Norway, too, while Germany, Sweden, Finland, The Netherlands and northern France are all ahead of the global average.
Travel south through Europe and red hair becomes very rare. Just 0.57 per cent of Italians have it, for example, according to one study.
But what of that surprising ginger army in Russia? According to the 2015 book Red: A History of the Redhead, The Volga region has more gingers per capita than anywhere else in the world, bar Ireland. The Udmurt people of the region have been described as “the most redheaded men in the world”, while their ancient relatives, the Budini people, were noted for their fiery hair by the Greek historian, Herodotus.
Red hair is also common among Ashkenazi Jews. During the Spanish Inquisition, all those with red hair were identified as Jewish, while Spanish and Italian art, and even the plays of Shakespeare, used the trait to depict Jews.
Ginger hair can be found beyond Europe, including among the Berber populations of Morocco, while reddish-brown or auburn hair is sometimes seen in the Levant.
Emigration from Europe has spread red hair to the Americas, South Africa and Australasia. Between 2 and 6 per cent of the US population has it, giving it the largest population of gingers in the world: up to 18 million.
Blonde hair is another northern European trait. The map below, by Peter Frost, an anthropologist, shows the prevalence of blondes across the continent. Confirming the stereotypes, Swedes rule the roost, with around 80 per cent of the population having fair hair.
In addition from the NZ Herald reported on the 23 July 2017
New research shows that ancient humans had sex with non human species.
According to a study conducted by Omer Gokcumen, an assistant professor of biological sciences at the University of Buffalo, ancient humans had intercourse with a “ghost species” of “proto human”.
Gokcumen explains that humans are only one member of a broader species named “hominins”.
The research found that humans had sex with other members of the hominins group.
Gokcumen found “wildly different” genes in DNA of humans living in Sub-Saharan Africa. He believes these genes can be traced back to about 150,000 years ago when ancient humans were breeding with this mysterious “ghost species”.
This other species is referred to by the scientific community as a “ghost species” as there are no known fossils that can be analysed.
“It seems that interbreeding between different early hominin species is not the exception – it’s the norm,” Gokcumen said, quoted by the Sun.
“Based on our analysis, the most plausible explanation for this extreme variation is archaic introgression – the introduction of genetic material from a ‘ghost’ species of ancient hominins.”
Research done in both New Zealand and the Solomon Islands that there were giants and could still a population roaming the forests
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